영어의 기본 어근root, 접두사prefixes, 접미사suffixes

by 운영자2 posted Jun 01, 2009
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영어의 어근root이나 접두사prefixes, 접미사suffixes를 알고있는것이 단어 실력 향상의 큰 도움이 됩니다. 이것들을
외워두면 앞으로 더 많은 단어를 더 빨리 외우고, 모르는 단어또한 유추해 낼수 있어, 단어가 중요한 SAT 고득점의 밑바탕이 됩니다.


COMMON ROOT WORDS AND WORD ORIGINS











































































































































































































































































Roots


Meaning


Word


alter


other


alternate, alter ego


ami, amic-


love


amiable, amicable


amphi


both ends or all sides


amphibian


ann, enni


year


anniversary, annual, biennial, perennial


anthrop


human, man


anthropology, anthropomorphic, misanthrope


aqua, aque


water


aquatic, aquarium, aqueduct


arch


chief, leader, ruler


archangel, monarch, archaic, archenemy


arthro


joint


arthritis


aud


sound


auditorium, audible, audiologist, audiotape


bell


war


belligerent, bellicose


biblio


book


bibliography, bibliophile


bio-


life


biography, autobiography, biology, antibiotic


brev


short


brief, abbreviate


cap


take, seize


capture, captivate, capacity


carn


meat


carnivorous, chili con carne


ced


yield, go


recede, secede, proceed, intercede, concession


chrom-


color


chromatic, monochrome, polychrome


chron-


time


chronicle, chronology, chronometer, synchronize


cogn


know


recognize, cognitive, incognito


cord/chord


cord


harpsichord


corp


body


corpus, corpse, corporal


crac, crat


rule, ruler


autocrat, democracy, bureaucrat, democracy


cred


believe


credible, credulous, credibility, credit, credo


cruc


cross


crucifix, crucial


crusta


shell


crustacean


crypt


hidden


cryptogram, cryptology, cryptic


culp


guilt


culpable, culprit


dei


god


deity, deify


demo-


people


demography, democracy, epidemic


dent


tooth


dentist, dentifrice, dentin


derm-


skin


dermatology, epidermis, hypodermic


dic


speak, say


dictate, predict, diction, indict


dox


belief, opinion


orthodoxy, paradox, heterodoxy


duc, duct


lead


induce, deduce, seduction, conduct, abduct


duo


two


duo


dynam-


power


dynamo, hydrodynamics


ego


self


egotist, egomania


equ


equal


equal, equity, equanimity, equate, equidistant


fac


make, do


manufacture, factory, benefactor


fil


threadlike


filament


frater


brother


fraternal, fraternize


gam-


marriage


monogamy, polygamy, bigamy


geo-


earth


geopolitical, geology, geography, geothermal


glyph


vertical groove


Hieroglyphics?gyptian ?ky writing?/font>


grad, gress


step


gradual, progression, transgression


graph-


writing, printing


graphology, biography, telegraph, geography


gym


naked


gymnasium


gyn-


woman


gynecologist, androgynous


hemo, hema, hem


blood


hemophilia, hematology, hemoglobin


holo


whole, entire


holograph


hydro, hydr


water


dehydrate, hydraulics, hydroelectric, hydroplane


iso


equal, identical


isolate


ject


throw


inject, reject, subject, projection


jud


judge


judicial, judge, adjudicate


leg, lect


read, choose


legible, lectern, lecturer, election


liter


letter


literature, illiterate, literal


loc


place


local, location


log


word


monologue, epilogue


luc


light


lucid, elucidate


magn


large


magnify, magnate, magnificent


man


hand


manufacture, manual, manuscript


mar


sea


marine, mariner


mater


mother


maternal, maternity, matriarchy, matricide


mere


part, segment


mere


meta, met