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SAAC[싹]-SAT ACT정보

SAT정보

2009.06.03 17:43

SAT Essay Scoring guide

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Readers use the Essay Scoring Guide, with exemplar papers illustrating each score point, to evaluate your essay. Two readers have independently assessed your essay and assigned it a score of 1 to 6 based on the criteria in the Scoring Guide. The Essay Subscore reported is the sum of both readers scores (2 to 12). For example, if your Essay Subscore was 9, one reader gave your essay a score of 4, and the other reader gave your essay a score of 5. If your Essay Subscore was 6, then both readers gave your essay a score of 3. If the two readers scores differ by more than one point, a third reader will score the essay.


The Essay Scoring Guide was developed by a committee of scholars consisting of college faculty and high school teachers actively engaged in the teaching of writing. The Scoring Guide addresses critical thinking, development of ideas, organization, vocabulary, sentence structure, and the mechanics of writing.


Score of 6


An essay in this category demonstrates clear and consistent mastery, although it may have a few minor errors. A typical essay



  • effectively and insightfully develops a point of view on the issue and demonstrates outstanding critical thinking, using clearly appropriate examples, reasons, and other evidence to support its position
  • is well organized and clearly focused, demonstrating clear coherence and smooth progression of ideas
  • exhibits skillful use of language, using a varied, accurate, and apt vocabulary
  • demonstrates meaningful variety in sentence structure
  • is free of most errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics

Score of 5


An essay in this category demonstrates reasonably consistent mastery, although it will have occasional errors or lapses in quality. A typical essay



  • effectively develops a point of view on the issue and demonstrates strong critical thinking, generally using appropriate examples, reasons, and other evidence to support its position
  • is well organized and focused, demonstrating coherence and progression of ideas
  • exhibits facility in the use of language, using appropriate vocabulary
  • demonstrates variety in sentence structure
  • is generally free of most errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics

Score of 4


An essay in this category demonstrates adequate mastery, although it will have lapses in quality. A typical essay



  • develops a point of view on the issue and demonstrates competent critical thinking, using adequate examples, reasons, and other evidence to support its position
  • is generally organized and focused, demonstrating some coherence and progression of ideas
  • exhibits adequate but inconsistent facility in the use of language, using generally appropriate vocabulary
  • demonstrates some variety in sentence structure
  • has some errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics

Score of 3


An essay in this category demonstrates developing mastery, and is marked by ONE OR MORE of the following weaknesses:



  • develops a point of view on the issue, demonstrating some critical thinking, but may do so inconsistently or use inadequate examples, reasons, or other evidence to support its position
  • is limited in its organization or focus, or may demonstrate some lapses in coherence or progression of ideas
  • displays developing facility in the use of language, but sometimes uses weak vocabulary or inappropriate word choice
  • lacks variety or demonstrates problems in sentence structure
  • contains an accumulation of errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics

Score of 2


An essay in this category demonstrates little mastery, and is flawed by ONE OR MORE of the following weaknesses:



  • develops a point of view on the issue that is vague or seriously limited, and demonstrates weak critical thinking, providing inappropriate or insufficient examples, reasons, or other evidence to support its position
  • is poorly organized and/or focused, or demonstrates serious problems with coherence or progression of ideas
  • displays very little facility in the use of language, using very limited vocabulary or incorrect word choice
  • demonstrates frequent problems in sentence structure
  • contains errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics so serious that meaning is somewhat obscured

Score of 1


An essay in this category demonstrates very little or no mastery, and is severely flawed by ONE OR MORE of the following weaknesses:



  • develops no viable point of view on the issue, or provides little or no evidence to support its position
  • is disorganized or unfocused, resulting in a disjointed or incoherent essay
  • displays fundamental errors in vocabulary
  • demonstrates severe flaws in sentence structure
  • contains pervasive errors in grammar, usage, or mechanics that persistently interfere with meaning

Score of 0


Essays not written on the essay assignment will receive a score of zero.

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